News in South Africa

News in South Africa


The overall growth of the global HIV / AIDS epidemic appears to have stabilized.

The annual number of new HIV infections has been steadily declining since the late 1990s and there are fewer aids-related deaths due to the significant scale up of antiretroviral therapy over the past few years. Although the number of new infections has been falling, levels of new infections overall are still high, and with significant reductions in mortality the number of people living with HIV worldwide has increased.

New HIV infections are declining

In 2009, there were an estimated 2.6 million [2.3 million–2.8 million] people who became newly infected with HIV. This is nearly one fifth (19%) fewer than the 3.1 million [2.9 million–3.4 million] people newly infected in 1999, and more than one fifth (21%) fewer than the estimated 3.2 million [3.0 million–3.5 million] in 1997, the year in which annual new infections peaked (Figure 2.1).



In 33 countries, the HIV incidence has fallen by more than 25% between 2001 and 2009 (Figure. 2.2); 22 of these countries are in sub-Saharan Africa. In sub- Saharan Africa, where the majority of new HIV infections continue to occur, an estimated 1.8 million [1.6 million–2.0 million] people became infected in 2009; considerably lower than the estimated 2.2 million [1.9 million–2.4 mil- lion] people in sub-Saharan Africa newly infected with HIV in 2001. This trend reflects a combination of factors, including the impact of HIV prevention efforts and the natural course of HIV epidemics.





News in South Africa

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